A summary of important health news from the previous week.
Worlds Apart: Vast Disparities In Treatment Separate Americans With HIV
Although life expectancies for people living with HIV/AIDS has increased, prompting insurance companies to recently approve life insurance plans for HIV-positive people, there is vast disparities in who is accessing proper health care. Recent studies show African Americans and Latinos are less likely to be in treatment and are vastly more likely to die of HIV-related causes. These disparities are closely related to socioeconomic factors, prompting activists to call for more affordable care.
During the 2015 football season, there were 166 publicly reported concussions suffered by college players, a 15% increase from 2014 but a 15% decrease from 2013. However, it is suspected that these numbers are only a small fraction of the actual number of concussions occurring among football players. This comes among a raising awareness of the implications of repeated concussions, namely chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). This report provides detailed statistics on schools not publicly reporting concussions and players who have been forced to resign because of repeated concussions.
Gene editing treats disease in mice
Researchers at Duke University have successfully used advanced gene editing techniques to treat mice with Duchenne muscular dystrophy, a genetic condition that leads to a progressive loss of muscle function. The technique uses a system, known as CRISPR-Cas9, that was discovered three years ago and uses synthetic DNA and a protein called Cas9 to snip through specific areas of DNA.
Guinea declared free of Ebola virus
The WHO has declared Guinea free of Ebola following the 2013 West African outbreak. This declaration comes after 42 consecutive days since the last diagnosed person tested negative for the disease the second time. Neighboring affected countries, Liberia and Sierra Leone, have both been Ebola free. Guinea now enters into a 90 period of heavy surveillance to ensure any news cases are quickly identified.
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